What Kind Of Fish Do They Eat In Africa? Africa is the world’s second-largest continent after Asia. The continent is surrounded by 4 different bodies of water: the Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean sea and the Red sea. It consists of 54 countries in total. Truth to be told that there are lots of African fish species out there that can be caught in the different coastal areas of Africa.

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Many chefs in this region are also aspired to be able to come up with their own best version of African cuisine. If you are curious to know what they have to offer, you need to check these amazing dishes.

The Classic Snoek

Snoek is one of the famous fishes that can be caught in the coastal area of Cape Town in South Africa. It can grow up to 2 meters. While it’s a delight buying this fresh, it can also be bought frozen. They are versatile in terms of cooking. You can poach it, baked, fried and smoked even.

A lot of the locals recommended it to be served grilled and with a side of sweet potatoes. Snoek is a staple and good source of livelihood in Cape Town, it is mainly sold and prepared as canned foods.


Commonly known as Blackfish, Galjoen is a marine fish that can be found in the coastal areas of Angola to South Africa. This is South Africa’s National Fish. They are normally found in the coral reefs surrounding the vicinity of Angola and South Africa. This popular dish is notably famous in the southern hemisphere of Africa.

Due to their huge popularity, it’s one of the finest fish that can be found in every African plate and has been part of every family tradition and occasion. This marine species can be enjoyed simply with pepper and lemon, or with mayonnaise and some toasted garlic with butter. It can also be served with bread and some apricot jam.


Also known as Tanganyika sardine can be found in Zambia, Malawi, and Zimbabwe. They are tiny fishes, planktivore and found in the freshwater in Lake Tanganyika, Zambia, and Lake Malawi, Malawi. They often swim in large schools of fish and feed on copepods and small jellyfish. Fishermen use a special kind of net for capturing them, they can be lured into a fishing net that uses Kapenta Rigs.

These rigs use mercury lights to attract them. Kapenta fish are mainly dried in the sun. It’s one of Africa’s prominent sources of food and livelihood. In some parts of Zimbabwe, they are fried with onions and tomatoes and lots of different spices, in a traditional meal called Isitshwala or Sadza.

Cape Gurnard

Cape Gurnard is a type of sea robin that can be found on the Western side of the Indian Ocean. They can be found mostly in the sea bed and lurking around the areas of Mozambique and Namibia. Throughout history, these kinds of species normally get trawled and trawlers tossed it back to sea because they don’t find it appetizing or even delicious by the looks of it.

When cooked, it has a lovely texture, normally white color and very appetizing in general much quite the opposite of what it looks on the outside. With its fresh smell, they have a white flesh that is really good and firm when it’s cooked and it’s perfect for soups and stews.

White Steenbras

Steenbras are part of the species of Sparidae. These types of fish are endemic to South Africa. It has a shiny scale and marine fish. They mainly eat bivalves and crustaceans.

They can be found in most estuaries. Most people from South Africa cooked this in a fish curry with an added spice mix to keep it fresh and flavorful. It is considered endangered and not a lot of people were able to obtain them.

Elf And Shad

Also known as Blue Fish. It is a pelagic type of fish that can be found in most parts of the world as long as they have tropical waters. This kind of fish is a popular game fish and food fish. It is one of the most proportioned fish in existence. They normally range from 7 inches to larger depending on where they were found.

Bluefish can be poached, baked or smoked. The smaller version can be fried as they don’t produce a lot of oils in their body. It is high in omega-3  but also contains mercury and PCBs. They recommend that children and women of age should consume one serving per week.

Bronze Bream

The Bronze Beam can be located on the western side of Africa almost reaching Mozambique. With a 30cm to 55cm length, it can weigh up to 4kg. It has a very distinct flat and high-backed structure. It has a very distinct bronze color noticeably in clear waters.

Usually, these kinds of species can be found in the rivers but can also be found in sea waters. They have white and flaky flesh and sometimes they taste sweet depending on where you procure them.

Geelbek/Cape Salmon

One of the famous and most noticeable fish on the whole continent. It’s a very long and sturdy fish with a natural blue going to copper appearance and has a very distinct translucent skin. This is quite similar to European salmon but their flesh is white and contains exquisite flavor. It can weigh up to 25kg and with a max length of 130cm.

Like most of the marine fish, this also contains omega-3 fatty acids which are good for the body. The most famous technique in cooking Cape Salmon includes, braaing, grilling, steaming, baking and most commonly frying. With added flavor from garlic and butter, or even adding it on a seafood paella does the trick. This kind of fish can be added or made into anything.


Marine fishes are very healthy and it gives good nutrition to people. They are enriched with pack up nutrients that everyone needs. African cuisine comes with a full load of diverse meals and delicacies that can only be found in their domain and it is delicious, to say the least. One can never be wrong that this dry land can come up with such good seafood that is good for people in moderation.