These lures are not just the new best lure on the block; they are also made from recycled plastic from the ocean.

They are not here to make fishing lures. They’re here to tackle one of the most pressing issues of our generation. How? It is achieved by closing the plastic pollution at the source and recovering the plastic accumulated in our oceans. And this is precisely what they’re doing. They are a purpose-driven business on a mission to end the ocean plastic pollution crisis.

Get 10% off your order by using our discount code YOURFISHGUIDE at checkout.

Now, you can be a part of it. By supporting their mission, YOU can make a difference.

You can check out some of their amazing line of hard and soft lures as well as tackle bags here and get 10% off your order by using our discount code YOURFISHGUIDE at checkout.

Get 10% off your order by using our discount code YOURFISHGUIDE at checkout.

They Recover Nets From The Sea Bottom

Ghost nets are either recovered directly from the ocean bottom by our partners or handed over to us for recycling by nearby fishermen.

Recovered Nets Are Washed And Segregated

Recovered ghost nets are transported ashore and washed from debris and non-plastic particles. Later, they are segregated by material type and usability.

Waste Is Transformed Into Plastic Pellets

After thorough washing, the plastic is melted and recycled to form plastic pellets, a raw material for producing fishing lures.

Pellets Are Molded Into The Fishing Lures

The next step is creating a blank lure model from obtained plastic pellets, followed by coloring and packaging.

But Where?

Ghost nets are removed from various collection areas in Southeast Asia. Why there? Because that’s where more than 60% of marine plastics are concentrated. Apart from that, around 20% of our ocean plastic is recovered from Japan and South America.

While bringing this project to life, they’ve developed an international team of passionate and hard-working people willing to support their cause and fight daily to end the ocean plastic crisis.

They’ve leveraged relationships with some of the most prominent certification providers to be environmentally compliant and ensure that the material source is genuinely from the ocean.

Edible Ocean Fish

Most of the fish sold in the market come from the sea, called saltwater fish. While there are hundreds of saltwater fish species, not all are good to eat, so it is essential to know which ones are edible and which are not.

Below are some of the best tasting and nutritious sea fish I recommend you try throughout the years, including fish.

What sea fish can you eat? It is safe to eat Alaskan salmon, cod, swordfish, orange roughy, herring, mahi-mahi, mackerel, perch, rainbow trout, sardines, Chilean sea bass, tuna, wild Alaskan pollock, Arctic char, and eel. But make sure to consume only the recommended amount.

Saltwater Fish That You Can Eat

Alaskan Salmon

The Alaskan salmon is one of the best-tasting saltwater fish that you can find. It is considered a fatty fish because its body mass contains 5% more fat than its weight, and it is ideal for dry-heat cooking techniques like grilling and sauteing.

Like any other fatty saltwater fish, the fat content of the Alaskan salmon varies. But generally, farmed fish contain higher fat content than those caught in the wild.

Meanwhile, farmed salmon is a cheaper option. It might be fattier than wild-caught salmon, but it could also contain fewer omega-3s, minerals, and vitamins.

Overall, salmon is a tasty option for a healthy diet. Aim for wild-caught variety if your budget is flexible. You can try grilled salmon with sweet-tangy glaze among the best salmon dishes. It is easy to prepare and is mouthwatering.


Another sea fish you can eat is cod. Unlike salmon, cod is considered lean, which means it contains less than 5% fat by weight. All lean fish are ideal for cooking using wet techniques like poaching, steaming, and rich, creamy sauces.

Cod is characterized as a flaky white fish having a good amount of niacin, phosphorus, and vitamin B-12. A 3-ounce cooked cod is packed with 15 to 20 grams of healthy protein.

This saltwater fish has a very mild and milky taste. Atlantic cod, for example, is a little softer and sweeter than the Pacific cod, which is savory and firm.

You would like to add flavor to this saltwater fish using spices, herbs, and citrus as it tastes mild. Texture-wise, the cod is flaky, nice, and firm enough to be cooked well with boiling and baking. It also cooks in under 15 minutes, and to test when it’s done, use a fork and see if it flakes in one touch.


Another lean saltwater fish you can eat is the swordfish. The distinct feature of this fish is its sword-like bills, sticking out from its upper jaws that it utilizes to slash its prey.

Swordfish are enormous, having an average weight of 50 to 200 pounds. It also has meaty, dense, nearly boneless flesh that is either pink or white.

If you want a fresh-tasting swordfish, try to catch it from August to October, as these months are the ideal time to catch them. It will also taste delicious when pan-roasted using compound butter.

Like cod, swordfish has a mild and a little sweet taste. It provides a moist texture that is usually compared to beef steak. Also, you can tell that it is cooked when its pink or white meat turns beige.

Orange Roughy

This saltwater fish is another lean fish on the list. It features a white, moist flesh that becomes flaky in texture and mild sweetness when cooked.

Orange Roughy is found in Australia and New Zealand and belongs to the slimehead family. It is also slow to mature and can live for over a hundred years.

This saltwater fish features a delicate, mild, slightly sweet flavor similar to pollock or tilapia when properly cooked. Some people also compare its taste and white flesh to a lobster called “poor man’s lobster.”

In addition, it has a moderate oil content, allowing it not to overcook easily. When buying orange roughy, choose the one with whiter meat to avoid low-quality ingredients.


You might have tasted herring before, and it is one of the best sea fish you can eat. So this fatty fish is quite similar to sardines, and many usually confuse the two with each other.

For instance, the two have a similar distinct flavor when eaten fresh. Herring also has oily meat, flaking off in moist chunks like sardines.

The fatty, rich meat of herring makes it satisfying and coats the palate. One way to get the best out of this saltwater fish is to smoke it. This technique will give a pleasant salty taste to the fish meat, and consume it in moderation as it contains high sodium.


Mahi-mahi is another saltwater fish that might satisfy your palate. This fish thrives in both subtropical and tropical glasses of water, usually in water above 68℉.

They live year-round in tropical areas while seasonal in more temperate water. Anglers can also easily spot mahi-mahi when the water is warm.

One of the best things about cooking mahi-mahi is that it can bear any preparation. It has a sweet, distinct, moderately mild taste and a firm texture.

If you had swordfish before, you would know what mahi-mahi tastes like as the two almost taste similar. Although, the latter has a milder taste and has large, moist flakes.

Another thing about this saltwater fish is its strong taste profile compared to other fish species like cod. You should also remove its skin before cooking as those are thick.


If you want to try another fatty sea fish, mackerel is ideal. Compared to leaner white fish, this saltwater fish has high healthy fats. In addition, it has a strong flavor and exceptionally fatty meat. Its texture and flavor are similar to salmon, incredibly when fresh.

One of the easiest ways to taste mackerel is to buy a canned mackerel in a grocery store. It gives a good amount of protein, and even the tiny bones are soft enough to eat.

Mackerel is also good when paired with acidic sauces, including capers, tomatoes, or citrus fruits. It is also a great pair of curry and teriyaki. This saltwater fish is also great to steam, bake, broil, pan-sear, or dish with only a tiny amount of salt, pepper, and oil with its flavor.


Perch is another white fish you can eat. While it is a saltwater fish, it can also be found in freshwaters. It features a medium texture, and because of that, you can pair it well with panko breading. It has a sweet taste, and its flesh is firm and crumby, having a flavor similar to walleye but more appealing.

A cooked perch fish provides a pleasant mouthfeel that you can’t compare with other fish. Its tender flakes break down delicately upon every bite.

If you’ve never had a perch before, this experience will surprise you. This fish also goes well with most recipes that you can cook without notable changes in the flavor.

Rainbow Trout

The mat of rainbow trout has a mild, delicate, and nutty taste. It is also tender, soft, and flaky, available in orange, white, or pink. If you want a safer option for this saltwater fish, opt for the farmed variety as it is raised while protected from contaminants.

You can tell that rainbow trout is well cooked when the color pales and has a delicate flake. When shopping for this sea fish, look for firm, resilient fillets that look fresh.

Its skin should also appear shiny, dark, and feel slippery. It is also best to avoid frozen rainbow trout with gray flesh and look dried out.

The fillets have to be firm, resilient, and fresh. The skin of the rainbow trout should be dark, shiny, and have a slippery feel. Avoid frozen fish that looks dried out or has gray flesh.


Another fatty fish on the list of sea fish you can eat is sardines. It is loaded with many vitamins and is easy to find since it is available in a canned version.

This fish is very nutritious because you can eat its bones and skin and its meat. It is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, calcium, vitamin B-12, protein, etc.

Chilean Sea Bass

Also known as Patagonian Toothfish, Chilean Sea Bass is another fatty fish with a firm, white flesh. Despite its name, this saltwater fish is not a part of the brass family.

It is a species of notothen living in cold waters between 45 and 3,850 meters in the southern Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. It can also be found on continental shelves around Subantarctic islands and seamounts in the Southern Ocean.

If you want to taste the best Chilean Sea Bass, try pan-seared to achieve crispy skin. It is also best served with spinach, peas, asparagus, or bok choy.


Tuna would never miss the list of the top sea fish you can eat. Most people love to eat canned or fresh tuna. When buying tuna, choose the fresh one with glossy skin and an ocean-fresh smell. It is also easy to cook and is suitable for a quick sear over high heat.

Wild Alaskan Pollock

In the northern area of the Pacific Ocean, Alaskan Pollock is always wild-caught. Its light texture and mild taste make it often used for battered fish products and fish sticks. It also has white flesh and low oil content, perfect for those who don’t prefer fatty fish.

Arctic Char

This saltwater fish belongs to the salmon family. It looks and tastes a little similar to salmon but slightly more like trout. Its meat is also firm, has fine flakes, and is high in fat. You can also see Arctic Char with dark red to pale pink flesh colors.


Eel might be a strange-looking fish, but many love it because of its delicious taste. They live in shallow waters, settle at the bottom part of the ocean, or hide in eel pits holes.

Many countries, including Japan, love eel, especially the freshwater variety unagi. The country is said to consume about 70% of the world’s eel stock, which placed the said saltwater fish on the red list of fish species at risk of extinction.

Insight On Eating Saltwater Fish

Generally, fish is a healthy option for acquiring the beneficial protein needed by the body. It is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, essential fats the body can’t produce independently.

This substance has a vital role to play in heart and brain health. It also helps reduce the risk of heart disease and inflammation and assists in prenatal development in babies.

The American Heart Association or AHA says that including fish in your diet at least twice weekly, particularly fatty fish, can help you acquire omega-3s. Fatty fish like lake trout, salmon, albacore tuna, and sardines are your best options.

Consuming fish at a recommended amount can help you reap benefits, but some risks are also associated with consuming it regularly.

Polychlorinated biphenyls or PCBs and mercury are contaminants that might get into ocean, ground, and lake water from industrial waste and homes. These contaminants will somehow get their way into fish that live in those water bodies.

The FDA and the Environmental Protection Agency or EPA issued combined guidelines about fish consumption for women of childbearing age, breastfeeding women, pregnant, and children.

According to the guidelines, these groups should avoid eating fish that might contain high levels of mercury contamination, such as:

  • King mackerel
  • Shark
  • Tilefish
  • Swordfish

Fish You Should Avoid

As mentioned earlier, some fish species might contain mercury and other contaminants that can harm the body. Mercury is a toxic metal contaminant that can be a source of genetic abnormalities or damage to kidneys or the brain.

However, these contaminants are not the only reason you avoid particular saltwater fish species. Some of them are endangered due to overfishing and low population.

Below are some of the fish you should not eat:


This fish is one of those strange-looking fish that looks like catfish because of its whiskers. It lives at the bottom sea and has a fresh, light flavor, making it a staple for gourmets. However, the demand for this fish is so high that its depleted population is still recovering.

Bluefin Tuna

Another sea fish you should avoid eating is bluefin tuna. In December 2009, it was included in the World Wildlife Fund’s “10 for 2010” threatened species. The list also includes tigers, giant pandas, and leatherback turtles.

Yet, despite the warning of EDF that this saltwater fish has high levels of PCBs and mercury, the bluefin tuna continues to command around $177,000 a fish.

These fish are only two of those that you should avoid eating. Instead, eat saltwater fish from a sustainable source and turn down varieties at risk of extinction.

How To Buy The Best Sea Fish

Eating fish doesn’t initially cause harmful effects on the environment. But because of high demands and overfishing, there is an increasing risk of extinction for different fish species.

It is vital to know which varieties of fish are suitable to eat according to their season. Make sure to plan your meals according to their availability to ensure that you’re not contributing to the practice of overfishing.

Choose a fish with bright red gills and not sunken eyes in terms of freshness. These characteristics indicate that the fish is still fresh. It is also ideal that the fish smell fresh and not too fishy, indicating bacteria.

Also, look for whole shiny fish and taut, not wrinkly and dull ones.

The Right Way To Prepare Fish

Before cooking the fish, rinse it using cold water to remove any bacteria on the surface once you get home. Next, use a clean kitchen towel or paper towels to blot the fish dry, then use plastic or wax paper to wrap the fish. This technique will minimize the fish’s oxygen exposure.

Refrigerate the plastic-wrapped fish over chopped ice if you plan to eat the fish the next day. Fish is also quite challenging to cook as it easily tastes dry when overcooked. So, follow the fitting cooking instructions on a particular fish as they quickly become cooked compared to other proteins.


Eating various fish several times weekly can help you acquire many essential nutrients. But, people who are breastfeeding, pregnant, or those with a health condition should ask their doctor first before adding any saltwater fish to their diet.

Largest Exporter

Seafood has been a crucial part of human diets, and it is becoming increasingly valuable economically—several countries export fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and other marine food products in high quantities. And the competition for fish exportation is getting more and more intense.

Who is the largest exporter of fish? The European Union was 2019’s leading exporter of fish and fisheries goods. Their export value was 36.2 billion dollars. However, China finished second with 22.7 billion dollars in fish and fisheries exports. China, on the other hand, continues to stand out.

Now that you know which country is the top fish exporter, it is time to know it. Therefore, this article will focus on China’s successive biggest fish exporter since 2002.

Fish Exportation In China

China has been the leading supplier of fish and fisheries products since 2002. It has further solidified its leadership position in recent years. Its exports totaled $9.0 billion in 2006, increasing to $9.3 billion in 2007.

In 2006 and 2007, fishery exports accounted for barely 1% of overall merchandise exports. Since the early 1990s, Chinese fishery exports have expanded dramatically.

This rise is due to increased fishing production and the expansion of the fish-processing industry. Both of those reflect low labor and production costs. In addition, China exports reprocessed imported raw materials and exports from domestic fisheries production, adding significant value to the process.

In the last decade, Chinese fisheries imports have increased dramatically. With US$4.1 billion in imports in 2006, it was the sixth-largest importer. The imports totaled $4.5 billion in 2007.

This expansion was visible after the country entered the World Trade Organization in late 2001. It decreased import tariffs, including those on fish and fisheries products.

The imports of raw materials for reprocessing and export by Chinese processors account for a portion increase. It does, however, indicate Chinese increasing domestic consumption of species, primarily of high value not available from local sources.

It isn’t easy to figure out which species and in what quantities China reprocesses. For example, only ten countries provide 97 percent of the total salmon, whitefish, and tuna supply in China, with the Russian Federation accounting for 57 percent.

The Russian Federation gives additional raw material supply in non-species-specific areas. For example, the manufacturing of salmon and whitefish are primarily reliant on imported materials. However, tuna processing may be proportionally more reliant on supplies landed by Chinese fishing vessels.

The status of tuna remains unknown due to a lack of information on fish landings in China. The routing country, or China itself, was cited as the country of origin in several instances of suspected misdeclaration of species.

There was an investigation of misdeclaration of quantities and these difficulties with species identity and origin. However, there was no identified evidence of systematic under-reporting of imported amounts.

Not processors, but diverse imports–export corporations are some of the top importers in China of fish raw materials. These businesses provide services to various industries, including textiles and machinery. They also frequently source and distribute fish on behalf of large and likely small re-processors.

This service is not free. However, it provides flexibility in the dynamic channeling of raw materials to a network of companies as market conditions change.

Chinese Fishing Fleet And The Oceans Of The World

China seeks to exert itself on the oceans and promote its geopolitical goals from East Asia to Latin America. As a result, more than just seafood is at stake. The massive fishing fleet of China has gone into foreign waterways, diminishing fish stocks, after exhausting places close to home.

The Chinese ships, numbered over 700 last year, appear to violate UN prohibitions. Most of these are not allowed foreign fishing in North Korean waters.

The seas have a woeful lack of control and raise challenging concerns about the implications of the ever-expanding maritime role of China. It has a drastic effect on the geopolitical ambitions of the country.

Most Chinese ships are so enormous that they can capture as many fish in a week as a local boat can in a year. As a result, the total size of the Chinese global fishing fleet is estimated to be billions of dollars.

According to some estimates, China has between 200,000 and 800,000 fishing vessels. This vessel number accounts for approximately half of global fishing activity.

The Chinese government claims that its distant-water fishing fleet, or vessels that travel far from their coast, number around 2,600.

The US remote water fishing fleet consists of less than 300 boats. However, other research estimates that the number is closer to 17,000 than those discovered in North Korean waters by satellite data. In addition, many of these ships are invisible.

Chinese Fishing Fleet And Their Incursions

After depleting the seas near home, the Chinese fishing fleet has ventured further afield in recent years. They are starting to exploit the waters of other countries, including those in West Africa and Latin America.

These places are where enforcement is weaker due to local governments’ lack of resources or willingness to police their waters.

Many Chinese ships scouring Latin American waterways are looking for fish to grind into fishmeal. If you do not know, fishmeal is a protein-rich pelletized supplement supplied to aquaculture fish.

The Chinese fleet has also targeted shrimp. And more recently, endangered Totoaba fish. These species are popular in Asia for the reputed medicinal benefits of their bladders. It can fetch between $1,400 and $4,000 per piece.

China has also attempted to expand its nautical reach via more traditional means. For example, the government has increased its naval force faster than any other country. They sent at least three fleets of Naval ships under construction.

A dozen have advanced research vessels prospecting for minerals, oil, and other natural resources.

Chinese fishing fleet, on the other hand, is more aggressive. The Western military portrays these fishing fleets as non-uniformed vessels.

They have unprofessional forces without proper training and outside the international maritime law and military rules of engagement. Most are not even aware of the multilateral mechanisms set up to prevent unsafe incidents at sea.

Chinese fishing fleet is most visible in the South China Sea, one of the most contentious areas of the world. They have rival historical, territorial, and moral claims from China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei.

Apart from fishing rights, these seas are intertwined with national pride and underwater oil and gas deposits. They also relate to political ambition for control over an area that transports a third of the marine traffic.

The Spratly Islands have gotten the most attention in the South China Sea. The Chinese government has erected artificial islands on reefs and shoals, militarizing them with airplane strips, harbors, and radar facilities.

Fishing boats from China help by swarming the zone, overwhelming and scaring potential competitors. They did this in 2018.

They abruptly dispatched more than 90 fishing ships to drop anchor within a few miles of Philippines-controlled Thitu Island. It happened after the Philippine government began modest infrastructure upgrades on the island.

Their Contribution To Overfishing

China isn’t the only country with an irrational fisheries policy. China catches 20% of the world’s wild-caught fisheries — and those are just official figures. However, it does need to devote some time and resources to ensure the sustainability of its waterways.

Instead of spending enormous sums on fuel subsidies, China may be better off funding and enforcing steps to enhance its seas. They should start reducing pollution and reef erosion. It would aid in the prevention of overfishing both at home and abroad.

Regulators in China are fighting a losing battle. China implemented a seasonal fishing ban in the South China Sea in 1999. Their officials followed suit in areas of the Yangtze River in 2002.

However, the continuous decline of both fisheries demonstrates how ineffective those regulations were. In response, a Chinese scientist advocated a 10-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River, which is vital to China’s economy.

Chinese officials said that they were receptive to the concept. They were even considering a thorough culling of the country’s fishing fleet.

Both steps would benefit Asia’s fisheries, but they are simply the beginning. China would have to demilitarize its fishing boats to make a genuine difference.

They also need to eliminate the wasteful military-funded fuel subsidies that encourage unregulated catches while escalating geopolitical tensions. Generals with little interest in environmental sustainability should regulate fishing fleets, not civilian marine and agricultural administrations.

China’s economic planning papers, particularly the government’s five-year plans, should expressly link the job of restoring and conserving fisheries.

In addition, it should clean water and other environmental initiatives. It would elevate them to a national priority on par with Beijing’s air quality.


China has been the top fish exporter for several consecutive years. However, the focus on increasing China’s long-distance fleet has created a slew of issues for fishing communities worldwide.

With underutilized factories and territorial claims on the line, this tendency could worsen this year. Another factor driving Chinese ships into neighboring waters is the need to feed the country’s booming fish meal factories.

Reduce Overfishing

Overfishing is currently a critical issue. Overfishing is the practice of catching thousands of fish in a short period to meet the expectation. Overfishing, by another definition, takes more fish than the population can replace – and it has to stop!

What can the government do to reduce overfishing? First, the government can reduce overfishing by reducing subsidies that contribute to it. It includes help with lower-cost fuel, equipment, and shipping boats, among other things. These inputs at below-market prices encourage fishing, which depletes fish supplies.

Some people do not see the real effects of overfishing on the system. This post will discuss the cause and effects and what the government can do to reduce overfishing.

The Cause Of Overfishing

Overfishing occurs when people catch too many of the same species of fish. Some fish species are going extinct due to overfishing because the government allows them. As a result of this human destruction, the entire system may collapse in a few years.

It is the result of global demand for fish, along with poor fishery management. The development of new and more mass fishing techniques is also the top reason for overfishing.

Government Subsidies

Many governments continue to fund fishing equipment around the world. This subsidy enables the survival of unprofitable fishing operations, eventually leading to overfishing.

The global fishing fleet has up to 250 percent of the capacity required to catch. These subsidies will be one of the top reasons for fish extinction.

Unsustainable Fishing

This category includes nets, fishing methods, and other equipment that catch excessive fish. As a result, so many fish species have become endangered.

It is also possible to catch sea animals other than fish during the same technique. This technique is called the bycatch.

The bycatch is frequently destroyed and dumped back into the water. This method also catches very young fish, which will eventually lead to the extinction of the species.

Illegal And Unregulated Fishing Activities

Poaching, taking more than the allowed amount of catch, and fishing out of season are examples of illegal fishing. Illegal fishing accounts for roughly 20% of global catch and up to 50% in particular fisheries.


Many fishing industries worldwide have specialized equipment and technology for catching deep-sea fish. As a result, they stay in the ocean for months and sell the fish as soon as they get back to land.

It is a waste of fish resources! They cannot sell all the fish fresh, and most buyers will not buy aged fish. So, some deep-sea fishes get thrown to waste.

Economic And Food Needs

The number of fish fishing businesses bring ashore varies by market availability and consumer demand. The more fish restaurants there are, the higher the fish demand.

The human population has multiplied many times in the last 100 years. As a result, there has been a significant increase in the demand for food and fish.

These causes, with the economic ambitions of fishing enterprises, have forced some to catch more fish than the seas can replace.

Effects Of Overfishing

Imbalance In The Marine Ecosystem

Targeted capture of important predators like sharks, tuna, and billfish has a long-term negative impact on marine ecosystems. As a result, the number of smaller marine species below the food chain increases.

It impacts the rest of the ecosystem, resulting in increased algae growth. It also puts coral health in jeopardy.

Overfishing relates to bycatch, one of the hazards to marine life. It results in the unnecessary loss of a large fish population and other marine animals such as turtles.

Decreasing Harvests Of Targeted Fish

Because of overfishing, the population of fish worth eating is decreasing. Overfishing has resulted in a reduction in productive fish, resulting in lower fish stocking.

It needs immediate attention to restore the diminishing marine population within a few years. Fish can breed and reproduce if fishing activities are restricted, and we will finally have a plentiful supply of fish.

Untargeted/Endangered Marine Species Fishing

Bycatch occurs when marine species get caught that aren’t needed or wanted. Protected or endangered species may be among the animals and those with little or no economic worth. They are usually destroyed and discarded in the ocean or on land if they get caught.

Socio-Economic Impact

Millions of individuals worldwide rely on fishing for their livelihood and nutrition. For years, the oceans gave plenty of seafood, it almost seemed endless, but that is no longer the case.

Overfishing and unsustainable fishing practices have depleted the oceans’ fish stocks in recent decades. And this has had an impact on many people’s daily lives and sources of income.

The fishing industry is at the point of collapse. There are no marketable fish left in the oceans to catch.

Unsustainable Aquaculture

Fish farming necessitates the provision of feed for grown fish. For example, to raise one pound of farmed salmon, you’ll need between four and eleven pounds of prey fish.

Prey fish populations are declining at alarming and unsustainable rates due to the fast expansion of the aquaculture sector. Fish aquaculture has outstripped the availability of fishmeal due to this trend.

What The Government Should Do

Reduce Government Fishing Subsidies

Conservationists and politicians alike are increasingly critical of fishing subsidies. Harmful fisheries subsidies harm the ecosystem’s long-term viability (overcapacity). In addition, climate change, invasive species, and pollution already threaten the fish economy.

The fishing industry receives billions of dollars in annual subsidies from governments worldwide to continue fishing. This government act serves to finance the over-exploitation of marine resources.

Overfishing has harmed fisheries productivity and ecosystem rearrangement during the last 100 years. And the worst thing is that it receives funds from subsidies for at least 55 years.

Worldwide Catch Shares

Catch shares are a fishing management strategy that allows fish stocks to rebuild while also safeguarding fishing communities’ livelihoods. Moreover, it prevents a precipitous collapse.

The government can authorize catching by using scientific data on the fish stock’s health and ecosystem. It will indicate how much of each seafood species fishermen can catch. Each fishing firm should have catch shares to control fishing.

Catch shares increase the seafood value, resulting in a larger, more consistent reward while safeguarding the environment. In addition, catch shares encourage communication and stewardship rather than limiting the length of a fishing season.

Limiting the length forces fishermen to make a hasty decision to make a living in a short amount of time. It sometimes leaves them no other choice but to use trawling or other unsustainable fishing practices.

Protection Through Policy

It’s critical to acknowledge the existence of a problem and then gather data over time to measure improvement.

They can also utilize the information to make policy decisions to safeguard areas at risk of overfishing. For example, regulations can limit the length of fishing seasons or prohibit specific types of fishing.

Trawling involves dragging giant nets across the ocean. It scoops up every animal and habitat in its path. It leads to massive wasteful bycatch — dead fish returned to the sea because they weren’t the target fish.

The world can’t afford to throw away that much marine life. There are numerous programs to reduce bycatch and small areas where bottom trawling is prohibited.

However, these measures are insufficient. Trawling should no longer be a thing.

Faced with low fish supplies on the verge of extinction, the Chinese government banned trawling in Hong Kong’s waters in 2012. They accomplished this by purchasing trawling-capable fishing vessels.

They also assist deckhands affected by the reduced amount of fish harvested.

Governments help to support sustainable fish populations in the future and recover at-risk fish stocks by regulating certain practices. However, this will necessitate global cooperation from governments to reduce overfishing through policy.

Create More Marine Protected Areas

Currently, marine parks preserve less than 2% of the world’s seas. In addition, less than 1% of the oceans have protection from overfishing.

There should be more no-catch zones to secure future generations. This law will allow fish populations and ecosystems to recover and replenish themselves.

The Marine Conservation Institute hopes to tenfold that number with 10% of the oceans designated as Marine Protected Areas. To maintain increasing healthy fish stocks in the future, people would like to see 20% ocean preservation.

What You Can Do To Reduce Overfishing

Citizens can directly impact overfishing by their purchasing decisions. Shoppers may help reduce overfishing by selecting local fish approved by the Marine Stewardship Council’s sustainable seafood stamp of approval.

The actual effort that anyone can make is to eat sustainable seafood. Phone applications and pocket manuals are available that provide information about sustainable seafood.

A responsible selection is possible by inquiring about the sustainability of a restaurant’s fish. As a result, restaurants may look into sustainable seafood options.


Overfishing puts ocean ecosystems in jeopardy and the billions of people who rely on seafood as a protein supply. Our fisheries are near to collapse, and we’re on the edge of a food crisis.

So, the government must do something about this by reducing subsidies. And since overfishing is a global problem, individuals must also work hand-in-hand with the government.

Best Fish In Florida

Florida is where you can find a paradise for recreational and professional aquatic activities, thanks to its bounty of fisheries. If you are familiar with fishing in Florida, you might have an idea of what tastes fantastic and what is not supposed to be edible.

However, if you are fishing and looking for some seafood delicacies for the first time, you might get overwhelmed with the abundance of fish available.

What is the best-eating fish in Florida? Grouper is the best eating fish you can find in Florida. You need to try it and taste this popular fish in this state. While most fish species under the grouper family are best-eating fish, the black grouper might be the first one you should try.

This post will help you learn more about what tasteful fish should be served on your table. You might be surprised by the abundance of different fish species you can try in restaurants or fishing.

Best Tasting Fish In Florida

There are 70-plus species of fish found in Florida, and it might be challenging to rank them appropriately. They are unique in their way, and they might be delicious to some people, and some have different opinions about them.

Taste is a preference, and no science can prove that one is better than the other factually.

Remember that the best-eating fish will always be the fish caught and served on the same day and prepared to perfection. Here are some of the best eating fish you can find in this Sunshine State:


Grouper is considered one of the top fish in many dinner menus aside from mahi-mahi. Grouper has the leanest white meat with a distinct but wild flavor, large flakes, and firm texture.

Black and red grouper are the most widely distributed fish all over Florida waters, and Goliath and Nassau Grouper are the ones that are being protected. Grouper is usually speared by many divers or caught drift fishing over a reef offshore with some bait.


Some people might be wondering why Kingfish even made it on this list, but the truth is that South Florida consumes a more significant amount of it. It is also known as the King Mackerel. Kingfish is not technically the best fish to eat as a main course. It is because it tastes pretty gamey.

After all, it does have a high oil content. However, commercial king fishing is getting more popular lately for a big reason. It is all thanks to smoked fish dip.

You can expect that every restaurant in South Florida does have this delectable appetizer. This appetizer consists of shredded smoked Kingfish, mayonnaise, or sour cream, and each chef has a blend of spices.

Just beware of these toothy critters as their teeth are razor-sharp, and check your current recreational regulations.


Mahi-mahi, also known as dolphin or dorado, is a very mild white fish with a lean and firm texture. It can hold together very well when you fry it or even grill it, and for many fish fingers in restaurants, you can expect it is Mahi.

In addition, Mahi can be caught trolling offshore with dead bait rigged to some ballyhoo or Bonita strips. 

Usually, they are found in schools feeding on baitfish under floating seaweed or some debris. However, if you spotted a Mahi, you could also catch them using some sight-casting with bucktails or ballyhoo and a spinning rod.


Snook is considered to be illegal to be commercially sold or fish. It is because it is tagged for its wide restaurant distribution. This began in the early 1900s because it has a delicious mat and can be easily caught from a dock.

As a result, they are highly regulated as tropical fish, and for more information, you can check the Florida Wildlife Center website.

Once you have enough knowledge and permits, you can harvest a daily limit of one per day during the season.

Some restaurants will clean, prepare, and cook your catch for you, and its meat has a medium firmness and mild flavor. It has largely chunky flakes so it can absorb dressings and marinades well.


Swordfish, a high-end fish considered a premium entrée, is mainly sold exclusively as thick steaks. It has thick white meat with moderate fat content and a slightly sweet flavor.

Swordfishing is an artful form of fishing, as it requires extensive research and experience to get one.

Fishing swordfish requires a highly migratory species permit that NOAA mainly issues, and if you would like to catch your swordfish, you can avail different charter.

Booking a charter with a professional captain will give you more of the experience you are looking for. Many people are getting into swordfishing because of the thrill of catching it rather than the taste. 


Cobia can be hard to find in some restaurants, and if you have the chance, you need to try it. Cobia’s meat is slightly firmer than snapper, grouper, Mahi, or even a snook.

It has a clean, fresh, buttery flavor without the high oil content you find in most swordfish. Unfortunately, Cobia is relatively rare, and there is a small window at the beginning of a fall when they migrate from the south for warmer waters.

Many cobia move closer to the shore during the first warm spring days when the water temperature rises. They might pop up when you first approach a reef, but it is usually gone for good if you do not pitch a live bait.

Cobias are considered powerful fish and would be sad if you lose them; be ready with two gaffs if you’ve got one on.


Some may argue that snapper is equal to having a grouper, but the deciding factor is that the snapper can be fried whole. If you fry a snapper, its skin comes out super thin, and it can get crispy while the meat inside stays moist and flaky.

So if you want to try this dish in its glory, you can try it in many restaurants in Juno Beach.

There are many kinds of snapper, but the most snapper you can find on many menus is yellowtail and red.

Snapper has some firm, lean white meat with a sweet and fresh taste. Mangrove snapper is also popular, but they are much smaller filets since they live and feed in shallow mangroves.


Hogfish is most commonly known as hog snapper, and it has a mild flavor that consists of some sweet undertones. It is more like a grouper as it has a bit flakier texture than a Mahi and is one of the best-tasting cooked fish in Florida.

You can find many Hogfish in natural and artificial reefs, and many divers most commonly spear them. But according to experts, you can still catch them by hook and line method.

Yellowfin Tuna

Yellowfin Tuna is known on many restaurants’ menus as ahi tuna, considered the world’s most famous delicacy. The reason is that this fish is mainly used in sushi all over the globe.

You can expect its meat to range from dark red to light pink, and it is usually enjoyed raw with some soy sauce and wasabi. Yellowfin Tuna is most caught on day trips to the Bahamas but considering it’s on every seafood menu in Florida, this has to be on this list.

Tuna fishing season starts around April when more advanced sportfishing teams use radar to find birds. This indicates where schools of tuna are actually feeding, and they usually follow these powerful fish to catch them using live bait on rod and reel.

Some people will argue that the blackfin tuna is just as good as the yellowfin one, but everyone has different preferences. Do not confuse blackfin tuna with a Bonito or Skipjack Tuna, which are not very good to eat.

Also, a blackfin tuna does not have stripes, while Bonita has distinct longitudinal stripes.


Wahoo is on the list because it is known for its fresh wahoo ceviche, one of the most popular delicacies in this state.

Wahoo, most commonly known as Oho, gets its name from the Hawaiian word, which means good to eat, and that is for a good reason. It has high-end white flesh and is best served as fresh sashimi or cooked meals.

These highly desirable fish are generally caught at high speed trolling offshore with some brightly colored lures. Unfortunately, Wahoo is considered an unregulated species in Florida, meaning the default bag limit is two fish or at least 100 pounds per person daily.


Catfish is the close second choice by many people as the best-eating freshwater fish of Florida. It seems like there are more and more varieties of catfish you can find in this state every year. Some blue, brown, bullhead, flathead, and yellow bullhead varieties can be found.

As a result, it is an advantage for many anglers because catfish fillets are tender and delicate to your mouth. The flavor is mild, and sometimes it hints at wildness from the waters where they used to live.

The good thing about catfish is that even a small one can yield a lot of meat too, and they are considered food, simple and comfort food to many people.


If you are looking for nice white, flakey fish, you might need to try some tripletail. The meat is delicate, has a rich flakey taste, and overall exquisite flavor.

It melts in your mouth, adds some shimmer of sea flavor, and wants you to have more after each bite. The best thing about tripletail meat is that it offers many contradictions like many of the best meats.

It is considered meat with an intense flavor but still can be mild. It has a distinctive flavor resulting from an echo of many briny creatures under the sea. It is also dense, but it tastes so light to your tongue, not to mention compact, firm, flakey, and light.

Tripletail can be found in many local markets, but often you will see tripletail being imported from Central America. It is still quite good but minus the luminosity of a fresh-caught fish, and you will still find plenty of people who will say pompano is the best. But tripletail is a triple threat.


Mackerel is a popular fish primarily part of the Mediterranean diet but is also well known among Florida fish. Mackerel might tend to get very oily and boney, but it is worth the trouble, and if you catch a Spanish Mackerel, you can either roast them or fry them whole.

Another option to try is to add some herbs, spices, and sauces, then try to grill them, and you will get the best out of it.

If you ever catch a King Mackerel, you can roast the filets or even the whole fish. Smoking and grilling the whole will give you more flavor when you try to eat them. Spanish Mackerel is also plentiful if you make Spanish-style or Italian-style fish soups or stews.


Flounder is a popular fish you can catch, cook, and eat worldwide. However, you can also catch it in Florida, and the flesh of the flounder, when cooked, is very white, tender, and sweet, with small flakes, so it is best to season it and not try to overcook it.

It is recommended that flounder tastes be either broiled or sauteed using salt, pepper, butter, or olive oil. You can also add some spice or herb and efficiently serve it with rice, potatoes, and salad/ vegetables.


Mullet is Florida’s state dish, it might vary depending on who you talk to, but Mullet will always be on top of everyone’s list. Mullet is very oily with firm flesh and great skin, so this is a popular choice for smoking.

If you can smoke the Mullet you catch, do it, and you can transform it in so many ways in terms of taste.

You can also serve them on their own as an appetizer or light dinner and then put them on salads. If you are not a fan of smoking, you can try grilling or baking them, seasoning them with a marinade, and adding some aromatics.

What Makes A Fish Taste Good?

Before diving into the list of available and best-tasting fish found in Florida, you might be wondering what makes a fish taste good.

For the most part, fish is not all that great, but there are plenty of ways to make it flavorful. Likewise, there are ways that you can make any fish taste decent as long as you have the proper knowledge of taking care of it.

A Cajun blackened fish food can be done with any fish of your choice for a recipe. You need to catch something and cook it this way, and you will have a blast if you serve it at your table.

You are into your culinary realm if you use a fish with a natural umami taste and nice texture.

Take a blackened grouper sandwich as an example. It is one of the greatest foods you can find in Florida. Mahi can also be incredible when you don’t have the means to get a grouper.

Some fish naturally taste amazing with just butter, and some you all need to add some spices to it.


To conclude, when you book a trip to Florida, you will have many choices of fish that you want to try. You can have it cooked in many different ways, too, making the list of the variety of delicacies you can try a little bit longer.

Simply put, you will never run out of fish to try in Florida. During your visit, you can try grouper, snapper, Hogfish, and tuna, to name a few of the top best-tasting fish.

If you’re into fishing, you may arrange a charter where you can easily catch your dinner. Most charters can clean and fillet your fish so you can take it back and cook it on your grill.

The Most Common Fish

The most common fish in the ocean might not include your favorites, and what is most surprising is that you have probably never heard of these fish species before.

To quench everyone’s curiosity, I have researched the top three most common fish in the ocean and the most popular fish species today.

What are the most common fish in the ocean? The three most common fish in the ocean are Clytclothine Bristlemouth, Grass Carp, and Peruvian Anchoveta.

This post contains a list of the three most common fish found in the ocean and five of the most popular fish species. If you wish to see these saltwater fish up close or catch them yourself, this guide will also tell you the areas under the ocean where you can find them.

The Three Most Common Fish In The Ocean

Cyclothone Bristlemouth

The most common fish in the ocean include the Cyclothone Bristlemouth. Among the other fish species in the category, it is probably the most common vertebrate.

According to the estimate of marine biologists, there could be several trillion cyclothone bristlemouth residing in the ocean today. These are 3-inch shiny fish that you might probably never heard of before.

Despite its enormous population, most people do not know about this fish entirely. The reason might be because of the depth of where they thrive. Cyclothone Bristlemouth lives around 0.4 miles or 1000 feet below the ocean surface.

The ocean environment at this depth is similar worldwide, allowing the said fish to thrive in most parts of the world’s ocean.

Another possible reason most people don’t know that they exist is that they are not particularly edible. Cyclothone Bristlemouth has a lining of phosphorescent sacs in their upper bodies, allowing them bioluminescence. Unfortunately, this makes the fish poisonous too.

Cyclothones are only one of the ten species of Bristlemouth. Compared with the human population, the number of Cyclothones will still be 10 million times more than the human population combined with the conservative estimated number of rats globally.

Peruvian Anchoveta

When the biomass weight of the most fish caught is considered, the Peruvian Anchoveta is another most common fish in the ocean. Anglers caught tons of this single fish type annually, and back in 1971, over 13 million metric tons of Peruvian Anchoveta were caught in nets.

Today, this type of Anchovy is among the most common ingredients found in fish meals. They are ground into a paste and feed to pigs, farmed fish, and other livestock.

If you love going on fishing trips, observing the wide variety of saltwater fish living in the oceans, inlets, and bays makes the experience complete. Some saltwater fish caught on light tackle in backcountry waters or from a pier.

Meanwhile, other widespread saltwater fish species can only be caught by an experienced crew using the heaviest fishing gear in offshore ocean waters.

Aside from the three most common fish mentioned earlier, below is a list of popular fish species that live in the ocean:

  • King Salmon – Also called Chinook, King Salmon is among the most popular fish found in the ocean, especially on the west coast. It has reaped its popularity due to its rich, significant, and high fat body. As of today, many have been confessing that King salmon is the best of its kind that money can buy.

  • Striped Bass – Also known as Rockfish, Striped Bass are usually found along the east coast. It is a popular recreational fish with over 200 million fingerlings of this fish produced in the United States yearly for stocking. Striped bass is unfortunately not safe to eat as they have dioxins, PCBs, and mercury in them.

  • Bluefish – This popular saltwater fish is usually found along the east coast. It is a migratory fish known for its sharp teeth. Aside from the use of its sports, this fish is also edible. It has a full, rich flavor, edible skin, and coarse, moist meat. In the late 1990s, bluefish were overfished. Good thing that fisheries management has stabilized its population by 2007 up to this date.

  • Pacific Halibut – Halibut is the largest Pacific flathead. It is a popular fish in the ocean to catch when surf and pier fishing.

  • Redfish – You can find this popular saltwater fish from the Gulf of Mexico to the Atlantic’s east coast. Also known as Red Drum, Redfish are in demand in the south as game fish because they are powerful fighters, aggressive feeders, and are excellent as a meal.

Tan Bristlemouth: The Most Abundant Fish In The Oceans

As mentioned earlier, Bristlemouth fish comes in ten varieties. Tan Bristlemouth is one of them, known as the most abundant fish in the ocean. This fish species is a small deep-sea fish that thrives in the open ocean’s mesopelagic zone.

Together with Cyclothone Bristlemouth, Tan Bristlemouth is considered by scientists to be the most abundant vertebrate on Earth.

One of the distinct features of tan bristlemouth is their small body and largemouth. Despite their tiny physique, this fish is likely predatory. Its thriving population also proves its importance for other deep-sea predators.

Like Cyclothone Bristlemouth, this saltwater fish is also covered with special light-producing cell linings. They use it to confuse predators and communicate with members of their genus. In the deep ocean, Tan Bristlemouth needs to break the outline of their silhouette to avoid predation.

In terms of reproduction, the reproductive behaviors of these saltwater fish are still unknown, and what is certain is that they reproduce externally and have separate sexes. For example, female Tan Bristlemouth releases eggs while their counterparts simultaneously release sperm into the water.

Although they appear tan in color on the surface, Tan Bristlemouths are black in their preferred depth range. Scientists have only studied this fish species using nets to accumulate specimens from the ocean.

Unfortunately, these specimens cannot survive for long, so it has been impossible to observe their life behavior.

Also, this fish species is fragile and small enough that nets damage the specimens, making them more difficult to collect for research.

Habitats Of Saltwater Fish

If you want to see these common saltwater fish up close, knowing where to find them is the first thing you should do. It is also essential to know that saltwater fish thrive only in three types of marine environments or habitats.

  1. Pelagic Zone – Pelagic fish species living in the ocean’s pelagic zone settle in areas that are not near the zone or close to the bottom. Usually, they spend time swimming across the water column while following a migratory route.

    Among the examples of pelagic fish are the popular Bluefish, Tuna, Atlantic Herring, Chub Mackerel, and many more.

  2. Coral Reef Systems – Fish that live within coral reef systems, are called reef fish. Groupers, Clownfish, Sharks, and Trout, are some of the examples of this group.

  3. Near Bottom Of The Ocean – Demersal fish or groundfish are fish species that thrive near or on the bottom of the ocean. They settle in environments composed of gravel, mud, sand, or rocks. Popular saltwater fish like Pacific Halibut are among the examples of demersal fish.

Fishing For Saltwater Species

Now that you know where particular saltwater fish species live, you are ready to catch them. But for first-time saltwater anglers, it is ideal to hire an experienced charter captain or guide to educate them about the techniques and strategies for catching each species.

It will also help you read a list of saltwater fishing questions and answers before your fishing activity to reap good results.

Most Common Fish In Ocean Fisheries

The world’s ocean fisheries data can show the most common fish grown and caught for commercial purposes. Among the ocean fisheries on the list is the Pacific ocean, which contributes over 70% of the world’s catch from the ocean.

The Pacific Ocean

The world’s largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean, and it extends from the north’s Arctic to the south’s Antarctica, covering an enormous 169.2 million square kilometers.

The Pacific Ocean is more extensive than all the combined land areas of the Earth. It contains 15,000 islands, more than half of the world’s islands, and most of them reside in the south part of the equator.

The biggest asset of the Pacific Ocean is its fish. The most common fish caught in the continent’s shoreline waters and temperate islands include sardines, herring, salmon, swordfish, snapper, shellfish, and tuna.

The Atlantic Ocean

The second-largest ocean in the world is the Atlantic Ocean. It covers around 106.4 million square kilometers, and its coastline measures about 111,000 kilometers.

It occupies nearly one-fifth of the Earth’s surface with its vast area. It stands as one of the world’s homes of the richest fishing resources, particularly in the waters wrapping the shelves.

The important fish species caught in the Atlantic Ocean are hake, cod, haddock, mackerel, and herring. Aside from that, lobster, eel, and whales are also seen in significant quantities.

The areas where most fish thrive include the shelf area off Nova Scotia, the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, the Bahama Banks, the Georges Bank off Cape Cod, the Irish Sea, the waters around Iceland, the Falkland Banks, and the Dogger Bank of the North Sea.

Different international treaties exist to reduce pollution in the Atlantic Ocean. It is mainly that marine debris and oil spills cause threats to the ocean environment, and toxic waste incineration at sea happens.

The Indian Ocean

With its waters covering 73,556,000 square kilometers, the Indian Ocean has been declared the third-largest ocean globally. Its total area consists of about 20% of the water on the Earth’s surface. The continental rims can be seen with small islands that look like dots at a far distance.

The ocean’s continental shelves are narrow, with an average of 200 kilometers in width. Meanwhile, the western coast of Australia is exempted where the width of the shelf exceeds 1,000 kilometers.

The ocean has a depth of 3,890 meters or 12,760 feet. The last 14% of the ocean is layered with terrigenous sediments responsible for the ocean’s significant amount of salt. On the other hand, the southern latitudes are dominated by glacial outwash.

Since the Indian Ocean is warm, it keeps the production of phytoplankton low, making life in the ocean limited. But not along the ocean’s northern fringes and in a few areas elsewhere.

Fishing is limited to subsistence levels. While having limited fishing resources, bordering countries rely on the ocean for export and domestic consumption. Fishing fleets from Japan, Russia, Taiwan, and South Korea exploit the Indian Ocean, mainly tuna and shrimp.

But because of ship and oil pollution, the Red Sea, Arabian Sea, and the Persian Gulf are threatened. Today, marine conservationists continue to monitor fishing activities in the ocean to preserve endangered marine species like seals, dugong, whales, and turtles.

The Southern Ocean

The fourth-largest ocean in the world is the Southern Ocean; it covers around 20,327,000 square kilometers and is usually around 4,000 to 5,000 meters deep.

Limited ocean areas have shallow water, and usually, the Antarctic continental shelf is narrow and deep. Its edge also rests at up to 800 meters compared to the global mean of 133 meters.

The Southern Ocean is rich in marine life, such as toothfish and krill, which fish species the fishing industry has taken an interest in.

The ocean also yields other fish species, including Antarctic rock cod and mackerel icefish. But despite these fishing activities, many are still unaware that the region has active fisheries.

The Southern Ocean has less fishing activity than other oceans because of dangerous conditions, making it expensive and difficult for anglers to fish.

The root of the problem in the Southern Ocean is the increased solar ultraviolet radiation due to the Antarctic ozone hole. It began damaging some fish species’ DNA and reduced phytoplankton by nearly 15%, resulting in low marine primary productivity.

Aside from that, the sustainability of Patagonian toothfish is also affected due to unregulated, illegal, and unreported fishing. An estimated 5 to 6 times the amount of the stock is being caught compared to the regulated fishery. Seabird mortality is also high due to long-line fishing of toothfish.

The Arctic Ocean

To complete the list is the Arctic Ocean, the smallest and the shallowest of the five major oceans in the world. North America and Eurasia surround it, essentially wrapped by sea ice.

Its salinity and temperature vary every season because the ice freezes and melts according to season. The Arctic Ocean has the lowest average salinity compared to other significant oceans.

Due to its limited outflow and connection to surrounding ocean waters with high salinities, low evaporation, and heavy freshwater inflow from streams and rivers. The ice pack in the ocean also shrinks about fifty percent in summer.

Despite its extreme weather conditions, the Arctic ocean has significant stocks of living marine resources. The population of regional fish is changing.

Numerous fish are produced in the Bering Sea, such as shrimp, halibut, squid, scallops, crab, pollock, cod, capelin, Pacific salmon, etc.

Overfishing In The Ocean

The issue of overfishing has been around for some time. If not because of different efforts to regulate the world’s oceans, the world could run out of fish pretty soon.

The FAOSTAT shows that nearly 90% of fish stocks worldwide are either fully fished or overfished. Aside from that, reports also say that the world consumption of fish in every capital is very high due to high demand.

For instance, every individual eats 44 pounds of fish yearly compared to the 1960s average consumption of 22 pounds each person.

In the Mediterranean and Black Seas, 59% of fish sticks are caught at unsustainable levels. The climate change in the region also attracted invasive fish species in the region that affects the native fish.


Knowing the most common fish in the ocean allows you to learn more about what fish species thrive more in the oceans. As mentioned earlier, Cyclothone Bristlemouth takes the number one spot in the list due to its unique population.

While fish like Cyclothone have a successful number, other fish species suffer from overfished. Anglers need to fish only the legal amounts to sustainable fish stock.

Overfishing In Canada

Do you consider where your seafood comes from when you eat it? While ecosystems are complex, the math is straightforward. The amount of fish in the water decreases when more people fish more than the water can naturally replace.

Is overfishing still a problem in Canada? Overfishing is still a problem in Canada in various forms. Bycatch is one type. The fish and other sea creatures get caught in nets and lines intended for other species. Even small fish are trapped legally when the nets have just tiny openings.

Some people still do not realize that the supply of fish is not unlimited. This article tackles overfishing in Canada and its effect on its coast.

Overfishing And Bycatch Problems

Overfishing is a major environmental issue in which too many fish get caught. It depletes the adult fish population. It leaves insufficient fish to spawn and replenish their numbers for them to remain sustainable.

Overfishing is fishing done aggressively. It depletes stock levels to the point where they can no longer support the required amount for harvest.

Overfishing is caused in part by global fishing fleets. These fleets are five times larger than what is required to catch fish that our seas can sustain. Most operational fishing fleets can cover at least four planets the size of earth on a global scale.

In addition to overcapacity, several fishing methods are making fish unsustainable. These tactics devastate ecosystems and wreak havoc on our marine life.

Bottom trawling is an example of this. It causes massive harm to non-target species due to its non-selective fishing approach and heavy gear use.

Bycatch contributes to overfishing. It occurs when the fishermen use large nets to catch larger fish. Larger fish and mammals, such as dolphins, sharks, sea lions, and porpoises, are frequently trapped in the nets.

Many of these magnificent species are made available for market bidding. Some fishermen dispose of them rather than being released back into their natural habitat.

Every year, more than 300,000 whales, dolphins, and porpoises die from fishing gear and nets. It is the world’s leading killer of these animals. If the animal survives in the fishing gear or fishing net, it suffers severe, life-threatening damage. If they can escape, they usually suffer from amputations and other consequences that lead to death.

Bycatch is employed to supply restaurants with fish. Other than that, overfishing harms humans and the labor market. Fishing is a top source of income for many people.

Fishing jobs will become scarcer as the fish population declines. It will cause individuals to lose their jobs and have to look for alternative labor.

Overfishing is evident in the winter skate, an endangered fish species. It’s a remarkable animal that uses a brief zap of electricity to dissuade predators and stun prey. The majority of them can live in the northwest Atlantic Ocean, from Canada’s Gulf of St. Lawrence to North Carolina’s coast.

Winter skate is being caught and processed into fishmeal and lobster bait, despite its reputation as a garbage fish. They’re even for sale as food for humans. Increased trawling for the species has led to young capture.

It has resulted in a dramatic decrease in the number of winter skaters. These variables, according to experts, are to blame for a 90 percent drop in mature people since the 1970s. The IUCN has classified the winter skate as critically endangered due to its rapid decrease.

Damage To Coasts

Coastal locations are home to the top diversity of marine life. That’s because they have some incredible ecosystems where watery creatures live, including reefs, mangrove swamps, and kelp forests.

Humans enjoy the coastline as well. They are home to over 60% of the population.

Many bird species travel great distances to breed. They utilize the coastline to refuel before a long flight or to stop and eat along the trip.

Semipalmated sandpipers, for example, gorge themselves on the food-rich mudflats of Canada’s East Coast’s Bay of Fundy every August. Then they travel nonstop to South America for three or four days. Seals, sea lions, and other migratory animals that rely on healthy coastlines include:

  • The most abused area of our waters is the world’s wildlife-rich coastline. 90% of all ocean waste, around 20 billion tonnes each year, ends up in coastal seas. It is poisoning breeding areas, disrupting sea-loving species, harming humans, and destroying beaches.

  • Many people on the earth live in overcrowding and rely entirely on their fragile, polluted coastline for food and employment. Without a healthy coastline existing, little island countries would perish.

  • We have already wiped out over half of the world’s coastal wetlands. Not only that but many of the animals that live there, too. Half of the world’s mangrove forests no longer exist due to building artificial shrimp ponds.

  • Coastal cities make up more than two-thirds of the world’s population. For example, practically all of Singapore’s mangroves and coral reefs no longer exist. To make more land, Californians have filled in 60% of San Francisco Bay.

Impact Of Overfishing

Recent research on the consequences of overfishing in Canadian coastal communities points to increased earnings but less fish. Canada appears to be failing at ocean stewardship.

Canada exported $6 billion worth of fish and seafood goods in 2015. Canada’s fishery is struggling. The sector appears to be more concerned with earning a profit than ensuring sustainable catches for future generations.

Less than a quarter of fish stocks in Canada are considered healthy, and the status of nearly half of them is unclear. Overfishing and decades of bad management techniques have drastically decreased fish populations in Canadian coastal regions.

While the Canadian fishing industry is currently more profitable than ever, some drawbacks are surfacing. The analysis reveals that the $6 billion in exports was based on fictitious data and did not represent healthy fish stocks.

Canada’s fishery is becoming smaller and less diversified. Canada’s seafood industry is producing more money than ever before. However, this is dependent on a small number of shellfish species, including lobster, crab, shrimp, and scallops.

Coastal towns and the Canadian seafood industry are susceptible due to a lack of diversification. Communities may have little to fall back on if these stocks disappear.

Although the high value of lobster and other shellfish is excellent news, the seafood industry is dependent on a few vital species. And if their numbers decline, the enterprise will fail.

Can Canada Reverse Overfishing?

Only if governments around the world aggressively campaign for fishing laws will we be able to stop overfishing. For this to happen, governments must first accept that overfishing is a big issue.

Some government and private-sector efforts are in place. The Annual Catch Limits are the most effective. These are strict cap limitations anglers must follow.

The next stage is to safeguard fish throughout the reproductive season. When there is a restriction in fishing during the breeding season, the odds of filling the population gap improve dramatically.

We end up with something termed sustainable fishing as a result of combining such tactics. And this is our best opportunity to revive the ocean’s life.

Sustainable Fishing

Sustainable fishing attempts to ensure that marine life thrives rather than only survives. As a result, understanding the distinction is critical.

Species populations must not be on the verge of extinction since a pandemic might wipe out entire species. Humans are at the top of those who cause this wipeout.

Sustainable fishing ensures a healthy fish stock for today’s humans as well as future generations. Each year, we eliminate over 77 billion pounds of marine life from the ocean.

In these terrible times, we must explore ancient fishing methods from the Philippines or Polynesian societies. These places have different species of fish that some fishermen hunt in different seasons. Some of their ways ensure that all types of fish have enough time to reproduce.

Some academics believe that the world’s fish consumption should no longer experience reduction. And though this is possible to some extent, it may not be a viable choice. It necessitates the participation of all countries.

The Truth About Worldwide Overfishing

Overfishing has killed out 90% of the ocean’s top predators in just 55 years. Because humans are disturbing the balance of the oceanic food chain, this is an issue that requires attention.

Another issue with en masse fishing is that you don’t always get the fish you’re searching for in the fishing net. Other sorts of marine life also get caught in fishing nets.

Dolphins, for example, were frequently trapped in tuna fishing nets. Even if they throw back into the ocean all the untargeted fish, they may already be dead or on their way to death.

Some fishermen are now using a particular type of net that allows dolphins to escape. On tuna cans, you may have noticed a tag that reads Tuna Safe. The angler has used dolphin-safe nets.

In 1989, fishing enterprises all across the world harvested 90 metric tonnes of fish from the ocean. The rate of replenishing of fisheries has been constant since then. To put it another way, humans may have already pushed the oceans to their limits.


The oceans have a fine-tuning system, and our actions disrupt that balance. Overfishing has left an indelible imprint that continues to burn and bleed. It is past time for citizens and the government to take action and effect change.

Species Of Fish

Fish, which are cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates with scales, were the first animals to produce bones. Anaspis, the first fossil, is estimated to have been armored and jawless and dates back more than 500 million years. Fish may have multiplied in the ocean due to subsequent jaw creation 400 million years ago or so.

How many species of fish are there in the ocean? The latest count of existing and extinct fish species in the oceans is 33,600. These fishes have different shapes, sizes, and colors, and they live in a spectrum of depths and temperatures.

The ocean is home to different kinds of aquatic animals, including thousands of fish species. There are three types of fish species, which I will discuss as we go along in this article.

Fish In The Ocean

Fish are aquatic animals from the Chordata phylum group. They have gills, scales, and fins, which distinguish them from other creatures. Fish, as cold-blooded animals, must swim in the water of the appropriate temperature to regulate their body temperature.

The great group of animals living in seas, oceans, lakes, and rivers is the fish. Unlike amphibians, fish must spend their entire lives in the water. Even though fish can breathe air, they prefer breathing through their gills and obtaining oxygen from the water.

Fish live in bodies of water ranging from tiny ponds to the deepest portions of the ocean. They have an estimated total of about 33,600 species. According to some estimates, there are more fish species on the globe than any other vertebrate group.

Fish that are cartilaginous in nature are the largest. Whale sharks, basking sharks, and other sharks are among these massive swimming creatures. The beluga (sturgeon) is among the largest bony fish species found in the oceans. The tiniest fish can be as little as a few millimeters in length.

It’s vital to remember that just because an animal lives in water doesn’t guarantee it’s a member of the fish world. Whales, for example, belong to the Mammalia class since they nourish their young with milk. They have lungs, unlike fish, and must come to the surface of the water to breathe.

Fish that belong to the bony family are the most commonly consumed. Salmon, pollock, cod, mackerel, and tuna are examples of these fish.

Bony Fish

Sutures in the neurocranium and segmented fin rays originating from the epidermis in all bony fishes. Gills are present in both fishes (bony and cartilaginous), but bony fish have a hard, bony plate covering their gills.

An “operculum” is the name for this feature. Fins of bony fish may also have distinct rays or spines.

Bony fish, unlike cartilaginous fish, have swim or gas bladders that help them maintain their buoyancy. Cartilaginous fish, on the other hand, are continually swimming to stay afloat.


Bony fish is a member of the Osteichthyes class, which separates into two categories:

  • Lobe-finned fishes (Sarcopterygii). It includes the coelacanths and lungfishes.
  • Ray-finned fishes, or Actinopterygii

There are around 25,000 species in the subclass Sarcopterygii, all of which have enamel on their teeth. Their upper jaws connect with their skulls featuring a central axis of bone that works as a unique skeletal support for fins and limbs.

The Sarcopterygii includes two important taxa of fish:

  1. The Ceratodontiformes (lungfishes)
  2. The Coelacanthiformes (coelacanths)

There are 33,000 species in Actinopterygii, divided into 453 families. They live in many types of aquatic environments and can grow to be over 26 feet long. However, 5,000 pounds is the maximum weight for the Ocean sunfish.

The pectoral fins of this subclass are large, and the pelvic fins are united.

  • Chondrostei are primordial ray-finned bony fishes
  • Holostei or Neopterygii are intermediate ray-finned fishes such as sturgeons, paddlefish, and bichirs.
  • Teleostei or Neopterygii are advanced bony fishes like herring, salmon, and perch.


Bony fishes have a wide range of feeding preferences as a group. Some are herbivores, others are carnivores, while others are omnivores.

Bony fishes may eat a wide range of plants and animals. They can eat anything from the tiniest plant plankton to the largest marine animals as a group.

They eat annelid worms, sea snails, mussels, clams, squids, crabs, insects, birds, amphibians, small mammals, and other fishes.


Bony fish exist in practically any body of water. Tropical, temperate, polar oceans, all freshwater ecosystems are all home to them.

Some bony fish species can live as far down as 11 kilometers (6.8 miles) in the deep water. Other species live in lakes that are up to 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) above sea level.

More than 13,000 species of bony fish exist in marine habitats. It accounts for about 58 percent of all bony fish species.

Popular Examples Of Bony Fish

  • Porkfish
  • Atlantic Porkfish
  • Spadefish
  • Atlantic Spadefish
  • Balloonfish
  • Balloonfish
  • Barracuda
  • Barracudas
  • Blue Tang
  • Blue Tang
  • Blue striped Grunt
  • Blue striped Grunt
  • Cichlids
  • Cichlids
  • Image coming soon.
  • Crevalle Jack
  • French Angelfish
  • French Angelfish
  • French Grunt
  • French Grunt
  • Gars
  • Gars
  • Gray Angelfish
  • Gray Angelfish
  • Great Barracuda
  • Great Barracuda
  • Grouper
  • Groupers
  • Leafy Sea Dragon
  • Leafy Sea Dragon
  • Lionfish
  • Lionfish – Scorpionfish – Stonefish
  • Lookdown
  • Lookdown
  • Moray Eel
  • Morays
  • Parrotfish
  • Parrotfish
  • Piranha
  • Piranhas
  • Pufferfish
  • Pufferfish & Porcupinefish
  • Queen Angelfish
  • Queen Angelfish
  • Parrotfish
  • Queen Parrotfish
  • Scrawled Filefish
  • Scrawled Filefish
  • Sea Horse
  • Seahorses
  • Wild Sergeant Major
  • Sergeant Major
  • Tuna


Freshwater, seawater, and brackish (a mix of freshwater and saltwater) habitats are all home to bony fish. The salinity of seawater is around 35 parts per million (parts per thousand).

Some species are tolerant of greater salinity levels. Some goby species may withstand salt levels of up to 60 parts per million.

Fish live in almost every type of aquatic environment. Fish have evolved to live in a variety of locations, such as:

  1. Rocky coastlines
  2. Coral reefs
  3. Kelp forests
  4. Rivers and streams
  5. Lakes and ponds
  6. Undersea ice
  7. Deep-sea, and other fresh, salt, and brackish water settings

Pelagic fish live in the open ocean. Tunas, for example, is one in many species in the family Scombridae, subfamily Thunninae.

Flatfishes (order Pleuronectiformes), for example, have evolved to live on the seafloor. Gobies, for example, burrow into the substrate or bury themselves in the sand.

During a summer drought, some lungfish “hibernate.” They love to bury themselves in the mud of a dried-up pond. In the darkness of caverns, some fish species dwell in freshwater ecosystems.

Bony fishes can live at a variety of temperatures, depending on the species. Some people live in frigid climates.

Desert pupfish (Cyprinodon macularius) live in hot springs in California that reach temperatures of around 45°C (113°F).

Some bony fish species can withstand the cold temperatures of the Arctic and Antarctic. The blood of these uniquely adapted fishes contains glycoprotein molecules that lower the freezing point of the blood. Boreogadus saida, the arctic cod, can withstand temperatures as low as -2°C (28°F).

Fishes, in general, rely on oxygen dissolved in water to breathe.

Some bony fish species require a lot of dissolved oxygen to survive. Brown trout (Salmo trutta) need up to 11 milligrams of dissolved oxygen per liter to survive.

Misgurnus fossilis, a kind of loach, can live in water with as little as 0.5 mg of oxygen per liter (0.5 ppm).

Mudskippers (family Periophthalmidae) have gill chambers that can hold a tiny amount of water. They spend the most time on land. They only return to mud holes when their water supply runs out.

African lungfishes (subclass Dipnoi) breathe by sucking air into a “lung.” These fish, in reality, must have access to the water’s surface to survive.

Evolutionary History

Over 500 million years ago, the first fish-like organisms arose. About 420 million years ago, bony fish and cartilaginous fish split into two classes.

Cartilaginous creatures have a reputation for being more primitive for some reason. The evolution of bony fish led to the emergence of bony skeletons in land-dwelling vertebrates.

And the gill structure was a trait that would later evolve into air-breathing lungs. As a result, bony fishes are a more direct ancestor of humans.

Cartilaginous Fish

Cartilaginous fish (scientific name Chondrichthyes) have a cartilage-based skeleton rather than a bone-based skeleton. Cartilage is robust and flexible, providing enough structural support for these fish to develop to enormous proportions.

Sharks, rays, skates, and chimeras are examples of cartilaginous fish. There are approximately more than 600 different species of rays and skates and 500 different shark species.

Rays and skates live in waters all over the world. The majority of rays and skates live below the ocean’s bottom, but others live in open water. Freshwater rays exist as well.

The manta ray (Manta birostris) is the largest, reaching over 9 meters in length and weighing many tons. It feeds on plankton and tiny fish.

The common skate (Dipturus batis) is the world’s gigantic skate, growing up to 2.5 meters in length and living for roughly 50 years.

A short-nose electric ray, which is about 10 cm across and weighs around 0.5 kg, is the tiniest. The starry skate (Raja stellata) is the smallest, reaching a maximum total length of only 76 cm.

Skates and rays have their mouths, noses, and gill slits on the bottom of their bodies. Their spiracles and eyes are on the upper side. On the upper surface and tail of several species, there are spines and thorns.

Mature males, like sharks, can be distinguished by a pair of claspers beneath the pelvic fins. Females do not have them.


The 1,000 or so species of cartilaginous fish separates into two groups:

  1.  Sharks, rays, and skates
  2. Chimera or ghost sharks

The dwarf lantern shark, at 6.3 inches long, is the smallest of the group. The whale shark, at nearly 50 feet long, is the largest.

Jaws are apparent in sharks and other cartilaginous fish. These fish descended from jawless fish millions of years ago. So, why did fish develop jaws in the first place?

Fish would be able to eat a considerably more variety of foods, including plants and other species. Hence, the adaptation.

The following are some more characteristics of cartilaginous fish:

  • Paired fins.
  • Paired nostrils.
  • Scales.
  • Two-chambered hearts.
  • Rather than being composed of bone, the cartilage is skeletons. Cartilage is a supporting tissue that lacks the same amount of calcium as bones, causing bones to become inflexible. Cartilage is a softer, more malleable material than bone.


The nutrition of cartilaginous fish differs by species. Sharks are powerful apex predators that eat fish as well as marine mammals like seals and whales.

Rays and skates, which mostly live on the ocean floor, devour other bottom-dwelling species. Whale sharks, basking sharks, and manta rays, for example, are big cartilaginous fish that feed on microscopic plankton.


Sharks and rays are primarily marine fish. However, many enter estuaries, some go up rivers, and a few are permanent freshwater dwellers.

The majority of species live in the relatively shallow seas of continental margins or around offshore islands. Only a few roaming far out into the oceans.

Others are surface swimmers or live on the bottom in shallow waters. Some reside at vast depths, in midwives, or on the bottom.

Sharks and rays were considered trash before but are now becoming more common in most countries’ fisheries. The numbers of more valuable bony fishes are dwindling fast. As a result, many fisheries focus on elasmobranchs as a commercial resource.

The production of the annual yields goes up to 750,000 metric tons (approximately 827,000 short tons). Most of which are sold as fresh, dried, salted, or processed.

Many sharks and ray populations are depleting. Several species experience destruction as a result of this intense harvest. One effect of the extinction of these top-level predators could be a disruption of the marine food chain.

Popular Examples Of Cartilaginous Fish

  • Whale Shark
  • Basking Shark
  • Great White Shark
  • Thresher Sharks
  • Skates
  • Southern Stingray


Cartilaginous fish live all over the world. These fishes have lived in many sorts of environments, ranging from shallow, sandy bottoms to deep, open ocean sharks.


The earliest sharks originated about 400 million years ago, according to fossil data. Fossil data came from shark teeth, which are considerably more easily preserved than any other element of a shark.

Around 35 million years ago,’ modern’ sharks appeared, and megalodon, white sharks, and hammerhead sharks appeared 23 million years ago.

Rays and skates have been alive for longer than humans have. However, their fossil evidence dates roughly 150 million years and evolved after the first sharks.


  • Doliodus-like spiny shark forebears gave rise to the first Cartilaginous fishes.
  • The Holocephali and Elasmobranchii separated in the Silurian (421 million years ago).
  • The rays/skates and sharks separated in the Carboniferous 306 million years ago.

Jawless Fish

What is the definition of a fish with no jaws? You’ve probably guessed it. A jawless fish is what it sounds like, a fish without a jaw. Other characteristics, however, are shared by this group of organisms.

Why would a creature like this evolve? These fish were the very first vertebrates to appear on the scene. However, it does make sense logically.

Early jawless fish are assumed to have relied on filter-feeding to catch their prey. These fishes would have sucked water and debris from the seafloor into their mouths before discharging water and waste.

These jawless fish developed to feed on other fish species as some sea life evolved. They are now a problem in their habitat, according to some studies. There are no natural predators for lampreys.


The jawless fish, according to most experts, belong to the superclass Agnatha. They are members of the Chordata phylum and the Vertebrata subphylum. Jawless fish separates into two groups, each with roughly 100 species:

1. Lampreys

Although the lamprey resembles an eel, it possesses a jawless sucking mouth to adhere to a fish, a parasite that feeds on the tissue and fluids of the fish to which it is attached. A ring of cartilage supports the lamprey’s mouth. It features rows of horny teeth that it uses to latch on to a fish.

Lampreys can grow up to 40 inches long and can live in temperate rivers and coastal oceans. Lampreys begin their existence as larvae in freshwater. Lamprey usually lives as larvae on muddy river bottoms, where they filter feed on microorganisms.

The larval stage can persist for up to seven years! The lamprey transforms into an eel-like creature. They swim and usually attach themselves to a fish after its larval stage. Lampreys live in roughly 50 different species.

2. Hagfish

The slime fish is another name for the hagfish. It has an eel-like appearance and is pinkish in hue. It has glands on its flanks that secrete a viscous, sticky slime that it employs to defend itself.

The hagfish can twist its body into knots! It could be to get rid of slime or to get away from predators. The hagfish may also sneeze to clean some slimy things from its nostrils.

Although the hagfish is nearly blind, it possesses a good sense of touch and smell. It has a ring of tentacles that it uses to feel for food around its mouth. Its jawless mouth has a tongue-like protrusion coming out of it. When the “tongue” is dragged back into the hagfish’s mouth, tooth-like rasps appear at the end of the projection.

Hagfish eat marine worms and other invertebrates. Its metabolism is slow, and it can go for up to seven months without eating. Hagfish that have just been born are smaller versions of adult hagfish.

The hagfish live in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, in chilly ocean waters. It can be found on muddy seabeds and can live in big groups of up to 15,000 people. Hagfish exist in roughly 60 different species.


These fish can live in muddy bottoms, intermediate depths, and cold water around the tunnels they dig. Only about 20 hagfish species are known to exist in the globe, according to scientists.

Lampreys are primarily freshwater fish that live in temperate climates but survive in saltwater. Between the tropics and the poles are the temperate zones.


Jawless fishes have evolved from the Cephalochordata (Amphioxus and its relatives). These are tiny and soft-bodied filter-feeding organisms similar to and maybe ancestral to modern sand-dwelling filter feeders. A notochord likely stiffened the body of the primordial mammals.

The earliest jawless fish with a bone discovered dates back 470 million years (Arandaspis). It resembles the oldest intact Sacabambaspis fossil from the Late Ordovician. The first Ordovician fish appear to be relatives (and possibly ancestors) of the later heterostracans.

Are Fish Species In The Ocean Decreasing?

Fish populations are dropping as oceans warm. This whole global warming thing is putting a crucial source of food and income at risk for millions of people.

The amount of seafood that people gather from a wide range of species decreased by 4.1 percent. This percentage, in particular, is a victim of human-caused climate change, according to studies.

In the following decades, global warming will put a strain on global food supplies. However, the latest findings indicate that climate change is already having a significant influence on seafood.

It distinguishes the effects of warming oceans from other variables such as overfishing.

Overfishing is the second reason for the decreasing fish population. Overfishing occurs when marine animals are caught quicker than they can reproduce.

From 10% in 1974 to 32% in 2008, the global proportion of overfished fisheries has steadily increased. Large quantities of wild fish, shrimp, snails, clams, scallops, squids, sea urchins, corals, seaweeds, turtles, whales, and other creatures in “fisheries.”

There are different types of overfishing, and there are many factors influencing species sensitivity to overfishing.

Illegal captures and trading exacerbate the problem of systemic overfishing. Illegal fishing is responsible for some of the worst ocean consequences. It accounts for up to 30% of catch or more for high-value species.

$34.6 billion is the reported illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing nets criminals cost annually. However, these catches migrate through opaque supply chains. It is due to the lack of methods to track fish from catch to consumer and import limitations.


While there are thousands of unknown fish species in the deep ocean, the number of known fish is dwindling. Some of them are depleting in number, especially fish used in the food industry. Although 33,600 fish species may appear to be a large number, over half of them are endangered.

Cleanest Fish To Eat

Since the dawn of time, seafood has always been a part of the human experience. For humans, partaking in the blessings that the seas offer us is almost no different from us breathing; this is simply a fact. But how do we determine which fish or kelp will be good or bad for us?

What is the cleanest fish to eat? According to experts, the six healthiest types of fish are the Albacore tuna, salmon, oysters, sardines from the Pacific, Rainbow Trout, and the Freshwater Coho salmon.

This article discusses seafood, which seafood is healthy for you, and which fish you should avoid eating.

What Is Seafood?

Seafood is a form of sea life and sea flora regarded as food by humans. This cuisine typically features fish and shellfish.

Shellfish include many mollusks such as clams, oysters, cephalopods, crustaceans like crabs, shrimps, lobsters, and echinoderms such as sea cucumbers and sea urchins.

Historically, humans have also hunted cetaceans like whales, dolphins, and seals for consumption, but that effort has dramatically lessened in modern times. In Asia, edible sea flora like seaweed and microalgae are widely eaten as vegetables.

The practice of harvesting wild seafood is concisely called hunting or fishing, while seafood cultivation is dubbed aquaculture or fish farming.

Because seafood is colloquially distinguished from meat, some vegetarians only consume seafood as their source of protein. These people are called pescetarians.

The 6 Healthiest Seafood You Can Eat

If you like keeping track of your diet, you probably know that humans should ingest seafood at least twice a week. Fish are a healthy and lean source of protein.

Fish with oily meat like salmon, sardines, and tunas have heart and brain-healthy omega-3 fats that do wonders for everybody’s diet.

But of course, knowing which seafood is healthy for you can be quite a struggle since there are loads of different cuisines and types. That being said, what do we need to watch out for when we eat seafood?

What are the healthiest options we can intake for the optimal benefit of our bodies? According to experts, here are the six healthiest types of seafood that you can eat.

Albacore Tuna

Tuna is usually high in mercury content, but Albacore tuna, usually the kind of white tuna that is canned, gets a super green rating as long as it is “troll or pole caught” in the U.S. or British Columbia.

Smaller and younger fish, usually less than 20 pounds, have proportionately less mercury count and fewer contamination ratings than larger fish with higher omega-3 concentrations.


Salmon fisheries in Alaska are pristine and well-managed. So well managed that biologists are posted at river mouths to keep track of how much wild salmon return to spawn. Once the numbers dwindle, the fisheries are closed and can recuperate before reaching their limits.

Such close monitoring of the fisheries, the strict implementation of quotas, and careful water quality management ultimately mean that salmon fisheries in Alaska are more sustainable than any other fisheries.

Alaska’s wild-caught salmon boasts 1,210 mg of omega-3s per 3 ounces of serving with minimal contaminants.


Oysters that have been farmed can be very beneficial to a balanced diet. They contain over 300 mg of omega-3 per 3 ounces and about a third of your recommended daily iron intake.

Oysters are beneficial not only to health but to the environment as well. They feed off the natural nutrients in the water and algae, which help improve water quality.

They also act as natural reefs since they attract and provide food for various species of marine life. Beware of eating raw shellfish, though. Raw shellfish, especially those from warm waters, may contain many bacteria that cause health issues.


You heard it right. These humble and inexpensive fish make it into the list with good reason. Don’t be deceived by their size: these babies pack more omega-3s than any other fish on this list, clocking at about 1,950 mg per 3 ounces and one of the few foods to be rich in vitamin D naturally.

Many fish that belong to the herring family are dubbed sardines. Because sardines can procreate and reproduce quickly, they have since bounced back from being overfished in the 1940s.

Rainbow Trout

Because lake trout are usually high in contaminants, trouts that you can find in the market are usually grown as a solution to this, and

Rainbow trouts are no exception. In the U.S., rainbow trout are farmed in freshwater ponds and raceways to be protected and kept from contaminants that can damage or reduce their quality.

These trout are also fed a fish meal diet that has been fine-tuned to conserve resources among fisheries.

Freshwater Coho Salmon

Freshwater Coho salmons are unique since they are the first – and only – farmed salmon to get a Super Green rating. Other salmon farms are still on Monterey Bay’s “avoid” list for various reasons.

One of these is that many farms use crowded pens where the salmon can easily be infected by parasites and, in turn, spread disease to other wild marine life. Though these may be treated with antibiotics, it is easier said than done.

It can also take as much as 3 pounds of wild fish to raise a pound of salmon, so the current method isn’t the most cost-effective. The problems stated above do not apply to freshwater Coho salmon.

Coho salmon are raised in closed, freshwater pens, requiring less feed, making them very environmentally friendly. These salmon are a great source of omega-3s since a 3-ounce serving delivers 1,025 mg.

Fish You Should Avoid Eating

We have talked about fish that can be incredibly beneficial to your diet and the environment. Now, it’s time to touch upon some fish that might be problematic on plates instead of in the ocean.

Environmental institutions have long advocated taking a lot of species of fish off the menu. The fish listed below are popular seafood left alone in the sea and not food.

Bluefin Tuna

The bluefin tuna debuted on the World Wildlife Fund’s list of endangered species in December 2009, along with the giant panda, tigers, and the leatherback turtle.

However, even though environmental institutions continue to advocate for the bluefin tuna’s protection, this fish continues to command upwards of 170,000 dollars in the market.

Furthermore, bluefin tuna has high levels of mercury and PCBs that can endanger one’s health, and the EDF recommends not eating this fish at all.

Chilean Sea Bass, a.k.a. Patagonian Toothfish

The Chilean sea bass has been hunted near extinction from its native cold waters of the Antarctic for their very buttery meat. They hunted since their life cycles could not keep up with the pace. They have been classified as endangered.

The tools used to catch Chilean sea bass – trawlers and longlines – can also damage the seafloor and harm other seabirds.

There is only one MSC-approved farm for the Chilean sea bass. Furthermore, the EDF has issued a consumption advisory for the Chilean sea bass since it contains high levels of mercury.


The grouper is also prone to overfishing since it takes quite a long time for them to reproduce. However, the EDF has also issued a consumption advisory for these fish because they contain high amounts of mercury in their bodies.


The monkfish and the catfish are somewhat similar in that they both have whiskers and bottom-dwellers. Their difference, however, lies in their meat. The monkfish has a fresh taste that is the staple of gourmets and chefs across the globe.

Though this fish species is recovering from being overfished, the trawlers some fishers use still threaten to damage their habitats.

Orange Roughy

Orange roughy can live around 100 years, making them possibly older than your grandmother. Their longevity also causes them to have high mercury concentrations in their bodies. Like the grouper, this fish is also prone to overfishing since they take some time to procreate.

Salmon (Farmed)

Most farmed salmon and Atlantic salmon are raised in tightly packed, open-net pens, often packed with parasites and diseases that can contaminate the salmon being raised and their ancestral habitats once they return to their spawning waters.

These salmon have high enough PCB levels to warrant a health advisory from the EDF.


Seafood has been a part of a person’s experience. Consumption of seafood is excellent if you’re either on a diet or just eating seafood because you enjoy its highly appealing taste.

While eating seafood is enjoyable in its own right, it is also our responsibility as consumers to know what seafood is good for us and what seafood we should avoid. Maintaining this balance not only helps us but also helps the environment around us.

Don’t Keep In Florida’s Waters

Fishing has long been a celebrated activity in Florida, dubbed as the Sunshine State, and to help make sure that everyone, residents and visitors alike, get to enjoy this activity.

Florida has put forth policies designed to help the people make the most of this recreational activity preserved and maintained for future generations. A small price to pay if four million people get to enjoy some of the most spectacular fishing experiences in the world.

What Fish Can You Not Keep In Florida? According to Florida’s laws, people are prohibited from keeping the following fishes: Sunfish. Electric Catfish. African Tigerfish. Electric Eels. Piranhas and Pirambebas. Snakeheads. Traíras. Airsac Catfish.

This article discusses the different rules and regulations related to fishing in Florida and the fishing regulations regarding certain types of fishes that can be caught in Florida waters.

Florida Fishing Licenses, Rules And Regulations

Some anglers enjoy having been licensed, but it isn’t a requirement to go fishing. However, that’s not an excuse to not be familiar with the rules and regulations about the type of fishing you are practicing.

Ignorance of the law will never be a valid excuse for breaking them, so it would be best to give yourself a crash course rather than risk a trip to the court.

The “slot limit,” which is the length of a fish that must be kept, is determined by the FWC as the measurement of the straight line distance from the forward-most part of the head with the mouth closed until the farthest tip of its tail. The tail is compressed or squeezed together while the fish is lying on its side.

Typically, you will need a license to go fishing. You can get this at tax collector offices or tackle shops. You don’t have to own a fishing license if you are 16 and below or a Florida resident at the age of 65 and above.

You also don’t need a fishing license if you fish from land or any structure affixed to lands like a pier or a jetty. Although, some fishes may require a unique tag for your license.

The FWC has policies in place for reef fish as well. “Reef fish” is a term used to collectively denote groupers, snappers, amberjacks, triggerfish, porgies, sea bass, hogfish, and tilefish.

The FWC rules regarding this fish call for all commercial fishers and recreational anglers fishing for vessels for any species of Gulf reef fish to use non-stainless steel, non-offset circle hooks, venting tools, and dehooking devices to minimize the deaths of released fish.

Circle hooks have a point turned back to the shank to have a circular or oval figure. Its primary purpose is hooking the fish at the mouth rather than the throat. Dehooking devices release the fish without a lot of harm.

Venting tools are usually a pick to deflate the expanded swimming bladder of fishes that have been reeled and brought to the surface too quickly. Rather than looking like a pick or a knife, venting tools look more like a syringe with a big needle.

Unregulated Fish Species

Many species of fish can be caught without having to worry about rules and restrictions. Examples of these fishes are the Ladyfish, the Cero mackerel, the Blackfin Tuna, the Bonito, the Great Barracuda, and the Jack Crevalle.

Even though there aren’t regulations regarding these fishes to worry about, you will still need the appropriate gear requirements to be allowed to fish for these marine lives and carry a special license if you happen to exceed the maximum limit for recreational fishing.

The legal gear for fishing accepted by the state are the hook and line, spears, gigs, haul seines and cast nets. This lineup may vary at other locations. On the other hand, chemicals, explosives, electricity, bang sticks, and fish traps are just some of the illegal fishing methods, as stated by the FWC.

The default bag limit for unregulated species is, in essence, two fish or 100 pounds per day. This means that for smaller fish like the white grunt, it doesn’t matter how many you get as long as it’s within the limit of 100 pounds. For larger fish, for example, the southern stingray, your limit is two no matter how heavy the fish is.

Prohibited Species

The FWC has policies in place that prohibit the harvest, possession, or trade of the following species of fish: Goliath Grouper (Jewfish), Nassau Grouper, Basking Shark, Atlantic Angel Shark, Bigeye Sand Tiger Shark, Bigeye Sixgill Shark, Caribbean Sharpnose Shark, Bigeye Thresher Shark, Bignose Shark, Caribbean Reef Shark, Dusky Shark, Galapagos Shark, and Great Hammerhead,

Other species include Lemon Shark, Largetooth Sawfish, Longbill Spearfish, Sawfish, Manta Ray, Mediterranean Spearfish, Silky Shark, Narrowtooth Shark, Night Shark, Spiny Dogfish, Longfin Mako Shark, Sixgill Shark, Smalltooth Sawfish, Roundscale Spearfish, Sand Tiger Shark, Sandbar Shark, Scalloped Hammerhead, Sevengill Shark, Silky Shark, Smalltail Shark, Smooth Hammerhead, Spotted Eagle Ray, and a Sturgeon.

Prohibited Freshwater Fish As Bait

The FWC also has regulations in place about the bait anglers are allowed to use. All parts of the Black bass and peacock bass cannot be used as bait. Live, non-native fishes, including goldfish and carps, may not be used as bait except for some types of platys and fathead minnows.

Whole pickerel or panfish and any parts thereof may be used as bait by the anglers that caught them for sport fishing. But, these may not be used as bait for trotlines or bush hooks.

Or any other method of fishing other than by rod and reel. Panfish that are less than 4 inches in length that an aquaculture facility has raised may be purchased and used as bait.


Florida, as a fishing state, is no stranger to chumming. Chumming is more common in Florida compared to other states. This method of fishing has been very effective and helpful for anglers and regular fishers alike. But, it’s vital to remind yourself that there are also rules and regulations for using chum.

If your goal is to fish for sharks from shore, you will need a renewable permit. This permit will be linked with your recreational fishing license if you have already acquired one. Aside from that, you’ll also have to take an online educational shore-based shark fishing course.

However, these requirements only apply to adult anglers that require a license and those over the age of 65, targeting sharks from shore, including any structure attached from shore. You will also need a permit if you are planning to fish from shore under these circumstances:

  1. Fishing using a metal leader that is more than 4 feet long
  2. Use of a fighting belt or harness
  3. Using bait other than casting while using a hook that is an inch or larger at its most comprehensive inside distance

Prohibited species cannot be fished even under special circumstances. If any of the prohibited species of sharks are caught, they are to be released immediately.

If you are fishing from shore or vessel, non-offset, non-stainless steel circle hooks should be used to fish for sharks, either with live or dead natural bait. The new rules also require you to keep a device capable of quickly cutting your hook or leader if you fish a prohibited species.

Special Marize Zone: Rules For Offshore Fishing

Many different governmental organizations protect the areas off the shore of Florida. We layout these zones on our GPS Coordinates pages for easier reference.

Feel free to visit our Fishing Reefs and Shipwrecks page for details about the Special Marine Zones and the rules that encompass them. We also have Federal deepwater Marine Protected areas off the shore of Florida.

These areas are near Islamorada, Jupiter to Daytona, and Jacksonville. You may check the MPA’S Locations before plunging into deep water to familiarise yourself with where you can and cannot fish.

Florida Saltwater Fish, Laws Governing Catch

Here’s a list of some local fish species that are safe to take home. Regulations on fishing are constantly changing, so even though our list is updated, we still advise you to check with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission for the latest and most updated rules on fishing. Listed below are examples of fishes that are regulated in Florida.


The lesser Amberjack, also known as Seriola Fasciata, have olive green or brownish colors on their back with silver eyes. These are the smallest species of amberjacks, weighing not more than 10 pounds, and are found in 200 to 400 feet of water.

The Greater Amberjack, also known as the Seriola Dumerili, has dark strips from the nose to the front of the dorsal fin. These are the opposite of the Seriola fasciata, and they can grow to weights of up to 40 pounds.

They can also be found in 50 to 250 feet of water. The juveniles are usually found in less than 30 ft. of water.

There is a minimum length on greater Amberjack of around 28-inch length in the Atlantic and a one-fish daily possession limit. The Gulf fish has a 30-inch fork limit. Lesser Amberjack caught must be at least 14 inches but no larger than 22 inches with a five-fish per bag limit daily.

Black Drum

Black drums, also known as Pogonias Chromis, feature a highly arched back with a gray to the black body and 10 to 14 pairs of whiskers located under its chin. Black drums are bottom dwellers found in both inshore and offshore, with adult fishes growing up to 30 pounds; the Florida record weighs 93 pounds.

These fish have a lifespan of up to 35 years. Black drums have a 14 to 24-inch slot limit and a five fish per bag daily limit. Once per day, anglers are allowed to take home only one Black drum greater than 24 inches.

Black Mullet

The Striped or Black mullet, otherwise known as Mugil cephalus, features bluish-gray or green colored backs with silver sides and horizontal black stripes along their backs.

These fish are not usually caught with hooks since their mouths are too small. Mullets in the wild typically don’t grow heavier than 3 pounds, but they can grow much more extensive and heavier – up to 12 pounds – in aquariums.

Similar species of the Black mullet are the fantail mullet (Mugil Gyrans) and the white mullet (Mugil curema). Black mullets do not have a slot limit, but they have a 50 fish per person/vessel daily limit from September 1 to January 31 and a 100 fish per person/vessel daily limit from February 1 to August 31.


The Bluefish, also known as Pomatomus saltatrix, features blue or greenish-blue colors on its back, silver on the side, and has large prominent teeth. Bluefish found on the west coast of Florida is usually less than 3 pounds, but Atlantic Bluefish can grow significantly. The Florida record for this fish clocks in at 22 pounds.

Bluefish usually travel in schools and are found inshore during the spring and summer but migrate offshore in the fall and winter. The slot limit for this fish is a 12 inches minimum length with a ten fish daily limit.


The Cobia, otherwise known as Rachycentron canadum, features a long, slim shape with a dark lateral stripe from the eye to the tail. Juveniles have alternating black and white stripes across their bodies.

These fishes average in the 30-pound range, although the Florida record for the Cobia is 103 pounds. Cobias can be found both inshore and offshore. These fish have a 33-inch minimum length and a one fish per bag daily limit or 6 per vessel daily limit, whichever is less.


The dolphin (not the mammal), also known as Coryphaena hippurus, has a greenish-blue hue on its back and yellow sides. These fish have blunt heads and are capable of swimming up to 50 miles per hour. Dolphins are usually found offshore and commonly grow up to 30 pounds.

However, people have caught dolphins that weigh more than 70 pounds. These species do not have a slot limit in the Gulf of Mexico. However, there is a 20-inch minimum limit in Atlantic waters. They also have a ten fish daily limit and no more than 60 fish per vessel daily limit.


Flounders, otherwise known as Paralichthys Albigutta, are brown flatfish that are bottom dwellers. The Gulf flounder features three black spots that form a triangle; the Southern flounder does not have these traits.

Flounders can be primarily found in backwater areas though they may also venture into the Gulf in some cases. Most flounders weigh around 2 pounds. There is a 12-inch minimum. It is also possible to use spears to catch flounders rather than catching them by hooks.

Goliath Grouper

Goliath grouper, formerly known as the jewfish, also known as Epinephelus Itajara today, is one of the longest-living fish that can live up to 50 years. They feature irregular dark vertical bars on their sides and can grow up to 800 pounds. Because of their sheer size, these fish were heavily harvested, prompting fishery regulators to classify them as a protected species in 1990, making it illegal to possess a Goliath grouper until today.


The grouper family can often be described as a significant and common deepwater species. Like the Nassau Grouper or Epinephelus striatus, fishes from this family feature brown or red bars that usually grow up to 10 pounds in size.

The Red Grouper or Epinephelus Morio is capable of growing up to a whopping 15 pounds. Every young red grouper starts as females, and all of them undergo a sex reversal turning them into males as they age.

In the Gulf, the size limit on the gag grouper is 22 inches with a catch limit of no more than 2 per person daily, along with a closed season from February 1 to March 31.

The size limit is 22 inches minimum for the black grouper, and the catch limit is no more than five fishes per person daily. The Red Grouper has a size limit of 22 inches minimum with a catch limit of 2 fish per person daily.


The Kingfish, also known as King mackerel (Scomberomorus cavalla), features a silver-colored body with either black or bluish greenback. They have a long and slender shape with a tapered head.

These fish are usually found offshore in large schools, and they can grow up to 20 pounds, although the Florida record for them is around 90 pounds. The Kingfish have a 22-inch size limit and a catch limit of two fish per person daily.


Fishing has always been such a staple commodity in the Sunshine state. You’ll find that it’s going to be difficult not to pick up a rod yourself when you’re there.

Before you start your fishing adventures, however, it’s also crucial for you to be well equipped with what you can and can’t do to ensure that everyone will enjoy themselves without upsetting others.